Dating 101 shiva
On either side of the upper level are pillared porticos with small rooms in their back walls.The pillared verandah of the chaitya has a small shrine at either end and a single cell in the far end of the back wall.The edifice in the inscription being the Kailasa temple (Cave 16).The Ellora caves are located in the Indian state of Maharashtra about 29 kilometres (18 miles) northwest from the city of Aurangabad, 300 kilometres (190 miles) east-northeast from Mumbai, and about 100 kilometres (62 miles) west from the Ajanta Caves.Cave 5 is unique among the Ellora caves as it was designed as a hall with a pair of parallel refectory benches in the centre and a Buddha statue in the rear.
The entrance of the Cave has a carved facade decorated with numerous Indian motifs including apsaras and meditating monks.
In the apsidal end of the chaitya hall is a stupa on the face of which a colossal high seated Buddha in vyakhyana mudra (teaching posture). The hall has a vaulted roof in which ribs (known as triforium) have been carved in the rock imitating the wooden ones.
The friezes above the pillars are Naga queens, and the extensive relief artwork shows characters such as entertainers, dancers and musicians.
Ellora occupies a relatively flat rocky region of the Western Ghats, where ancient volcanic activity in this area had created multilayered basalt formations, known as the Deccan Traps.
The volcanic activity that formed the west-facing cliff, which houses the Ellora caves, occurred during the Cretaceous period.